Jesus is a king as well as a progenitor and his throne is ever being built up—his kingdom comes —his power extends. The north and the south thou hast created them. Notice the use of the word “him” here, as if it was intended to teach us that God’s love to his dear Son, and to his people in him, is so great that though he may chasten us for our transgressions, he will never cast us away. When they were sick — Or in any other great misery; my clothing was sackcloth — Which was the habit of mourners. Outlines Upon Keywords of the Psalm, By Pastor C. A. Davis. I take the reproaches of thy servants and thine anointed, (1) as if they reproached me in mine own particular; or, (2) in that they lie so heavy upon my heart; or, (3) in that I am resolved quietly to endure them, and to swallow them down in silence, as not being indeed able to shake them off; because in the eye of reason our condition is at present so contrary to what we waited for; or, (4) in that their reproaches came not to his ears by hear say only, but were openly to his face cast as it were into his bosom. If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments. He is too holy to be unrighteous, too wise to be mistaken; this is constant matter for joy to the upright in heart. He was a theocratic monarch, and the Lord, who gave him his crown, took it from him and treated it with contempt, —at least so it seemed. Psalms 71:22 - I will also praise You with a harp, Even Your truth, O my God; To You I will sing praises with the lyre, O Holy One of Israel. Psalm 89 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. That we should live to the praise of the glory of his grace wherewith he hath made us freely accepted in his Beloved. Fausset. For ever, O LORD, thy word is settled in heaven. David's dynasty never decays, but on the contrary, is evermore consolidated by the great Architect of heaven and earth. The participation in that blessedness. For thou art the glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted. The strain is more joyful, for experience has given the sweet singer a comfortable knowledge of the word of the Lord, and this makes a glad theme. The north and the south thou hast created them. 46. As monarchs hold in their hands a globe to set forth their dominion over the earth, he shall grasp the far more unconquerable sea, and be Lord of all. A view of the position of Tabor and Hermon from such a situation as that which we now occupied, shewed us how accurately they might be reckoned the "umbilicus terroe" —the central point of the land, and led us to infer that this is the true explanation of the manner in which they are referred to in the Psalms 89:12. In his extraction, election, and exaltation, he was an eminent type of the Lord Jesus, who is the man of the people, the chosen of God, and the king of his church. In creation God is far above other beings. The habitable and cultivated earth, with all its produce, owns the Lord to be both its Creator and Sustainer, builder and upholder. The verse must also be expounded of the Prince Emmanuel; he became the servant of the Lord for our sakes, the Father having found for us in his person a mighty deliverer, therefore upon him rested the Spirit without measure, to qualify him for all the offices of love to which he was set apart. Ver. Psalm 89 is the 89th psalm in the biblical Book of Psalms, part of the Hebrew Bible.In the Greek Septuagint version of the bible, and in its Latin translation in the Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 88 in a slightly different numbering system. Never was there a son more filial in his cries than "the Firstborn among many brethren." If we give God our ear and hear the joyful sound, he will shew us his face and make us glad. 7. (a) The nevertheless characterized. Satan cannot tempt him, and our sins cannot burden him. For the Lord is our defense; and the Holy One of lsrael is our king. 14. Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. 52. —Daniel Cresswell. Thou hast broken down all his hedges. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. Charles Haddon Spurgeon. What a seed David has in the multitude which have sprung from him who was both his Son and his Lord. That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!" 2. In which he finds his own glory, and believers their safety! 5. Psalms 89:24. Of Ethan the Ezrahite: perhaps the same person as Jeduthun, who was a musician in David's reign; was noted for his wisdom in Solomon's days, and probably survived till the troubles of Rehoboam's period. It shall be established for ever as the moon. —Thomas Brooks. Thy seed will I establish for ever. Amen, and Amen. Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants. "I will visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes." Ver. Such a creature made to no purpose; the noblest part of this inferior creation brought forth into being without any imaginable design? —John Howe. But thou hast cast off and abhorred. And he replies that it will be like the memory of past sickness in time of health, without stain, without grief, and serving only to heighten the felicity of the redeemed, by the contrast with the past, and to increase their love and gratitude towards God. Ethan wrote Psalm 89 many years after this. 20. Or, if we speak of those royal personages that are mild and gentle, and like Vespasian are the darlings and delight of the people, yet these no less than others have their fatal hour, and their regal honour and majesty are laid in the dust. How will God secure their safety? Ver. Ver. For thou art the glory of their strength. The psalmist goes on to show how such people are blessed. He does not say, I will visit them with the rod; but, I will visit their transgression with the rod. The true David—the chosen one—the, (1) for his seed. He doth intend to note the mercies of God, and to set forth his truth in a book, the which he will leave behind him (as an instrument) to convey the same from generation to generations, from the generation of Jews to the generation of Christians. —R.M. 43. —Cases in which the sword of the gospel appears to have its edge turned. And the ground of this glorious building is God's covenant with his chosen: I have made a covenant with my chosen. There is no single day of our lives that we do not do it... How astonished many would be, if they knew what the real case was of those perhaps whom they admire, and think highly advanced and exalted in the Divine life, if they were to know the falls, the wretched falls, falls in heart, in word and in practice; if they were to know the deep distress that the children of God, who are far advanced as they suppose in the Divine life, are continually suffering from the effect of such transgression! Psalms 89:28-29. Not man's own righteousness or wisdom. How long, Lord? "The days of his youth", etc. 2. The celebration of the divine goodness has joined with itself the joy and exultation of a pious mind, which cannot be poured forth better than in song. I quoted Psalm 89:7 and I thought I would share Spurgeon's thoughts on this verse: "God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the sailors. Shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? If they fall into sins of omission, and shoot short. In a far fuller sense the Lord Jesus is essentially and immeasurably mighty, and on him the salvation of his people rests by divine appointment, while his success is secured by divine strength being engaged to be with him. —J. Mercy in promising; truth in performing. God's children are those who most earnestly pray "hallowed be thy name." Ver. Jesus must be among us, and then there will be no lack of force in any of our church agencies. Psalms 89:22. Psalms 89:22-25. (last clause). 37. Kings as well as subjects, princes as well as the meanest rustics are liable to this fatal stroke. —James Alting, 1618-1679. For the psalm celebrates not so much God as … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 8" These graces are the riches of his goodness and glory, misericordioe in oeternum, everlasting mercies, as reaching from everlasting predestination to everlasting glorification. "The expostulation (he observes) was somewhat passionate, and did proceed upon the sudden view of this disconsolate case, very abstractly considered, and by itself only; and the Psalmist did not, at that instant, look beyond it to a better and more comfortable scene of things. The crown of a king, (like that of the high priest, on which was inscribed "holiness to the Lord") (Exodus 28:36) was a sacred thing, and therefore to cast it in the dust was to profane it. 48. The days of his youth hast thou shortened: thou hath covered him with shame. —Stephen Charnock. Ver. And I have often been surprised, to note the accuracy with which persons otherwise not very intelligent, not largely informed, not of critical acumen, will yet, when they hear a discourse, judge, discriminate, determine; will be able to say at once—"Truth, clear, unmixed, without a cloud upon it; "or—"Doctrine clouded, statements confused, not the lucid Gospel:" or be able to say, if it be so—"No Gospel at all; contradiction to the truth of Christ." No Judas can now betray him to death, no Pilate can deliver him to be crucified. 36. This is that "mercy" which is "built up for ever." I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in, Ver. —John Boys. Judegment, which restrains rebels, and keeps off injuries. When the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them. This commission is contained in the words before us; and this after his exaltation, Psalms 89:24-25. Psalm 89:17 Horn here symbolizes strong one. 45. Who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the Lord? It is a progressive motion from one point of space to another. 6. No other than the heart itself of our gracious and most merciful Jehovah, and his most unalterable and immovable purposes, truth and faithfulness. Those who object to the doctrine of final perseverance say this: "It is true he will preserve the believer from the toils of the Devil and the temptations of the world, but not from the breaking forth of his own natural evil." It is one thing merely to smite, it is another thing to smite by visiting. But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him. Psalms 89:17-19. The Messiah would be of the seed of David. My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. Before we argue our case before the Lord it is most becoming to acknowledge that we know him to be supremely great and good, whatever may be the appearance of his providence; this is such a course as every wise man will take who desires to have an answer of peace in the day of trouble. We ought to think perpetually, what it is the rod of God visits in us, that we may confess our transgressions, and amend our lives. What Church? He is besides immutable in his nature and designs, and cannot change in heart, and therefore not in promise. Exalted to friends of God— children of God—one with God, to heaven. When the wall, or hedge, was thrown down, every passer by plucked at the fruit, and when the tower was gone the vineyard was left open to the neighbours who could do as they would with the vines. Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound. —James Harrington Evans. Can he be so angry with his church as to leave her much longer? "Thy Holy One.". With my holy oil have I appointed him. —C.H.S. Psalms 89:49-52. Psalm 29 Commentary Heavenly Beings. Selah. But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed. Ps 42:6 133:3. Let us bless God before we pray, and while we pray, and when we have done praying, for he always deserves it of us. His seed shall endure for ever. —John Edwards. And in Psalms 89:7, he is there presented with all his saints and angels round about him, as one that is greatly to be feared, or that is terrible in himself, by reason of his greatness, in this his council and assembly of his saints, and to be had in reverence of all that are about him. Psalms 89:15. He felt as if all the reproaches which vexed his nation were centred in himself, and therefore in sacred sympathy with the people he poured out his heart. 36. The rainbow is not expressly mentioned in the original, which speaks only of "the faithful witness in heaven." Psalms 89:21. Kings are honoured when they honour him, and those who honour him are kings! As the literal David was thrice anointed king, once by Samuel in Jesse's house at Bethlehem: once at Hebron after the death of Saul, as king over Judah; and again at seven years' end, as ruler over all Israel: so also "God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power" in his nativity at Bethlehem; a second time over his Church at his resurrection, when the tyrant who sought his life was overcome, and then only over the small "confederation" (which Hebron means) of his Jewish disciples; but a third time in his ascension to the heavenly Jerusalem, the Vision of Peace, where he, now crowned as King of Glory, was anointed over all heaven and earth, supreme over all the princes of God. Psalms 89:25. Ver. Ver. Ver. As he hath authority to cry to God, so he hath an assurance of the prevalence of his cry, in regard of the stability of the covenant of mediation, which shall stand fast with him, or be faithful to him: my mercy will I keep for him for evermore, Psalms 89:28. Ver. How I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people. Here is ground for strong confidence; may our faith be of such a nature as these assurances will warrant. 33. We have not a Saviour self appointed and unqualified, but one sent of God and divinely endowed for his work. 33. Ver. He that swears, swears by a greater than himself. What a joy it is to us to see Jesus striking hands with the Eternal, and entering into an everlasting covenant on our behalf! By the hand of Samuel, David was anointed to be king long before he ascended the throne. And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever." This phrase is obscure in diction, and therefore variously interpreted. Nevertheless the kingdom itself shall not cease, just as the moon does not go out of existence, whilst it is obscure, but lasts perpetually. DIVISIONS. And I suppose this to be the meaning of Christ when he says, "My sheep hear my voice, and they follow me; and a stranger will they not follow, for they know not the voice of strangers." A creature full of strength and courage lifts up its horn, and so also does a believer become potent, valiant, and daring. How many are the days of thy servant? He was certain that upon a sure foundation the Lord intended to pile up a glorious palace of goodness—a house of refuge for all people, wherein the Son of David should for ever be glorified as the dispenser of heavenly grace. Alas, O Lord God, shall it be always so? —Le Blanc. 1. Even if you fall, God has provided for it; but take heed; the provision involves much that will be terrible and desperately painful to your mind. He then praises and magnifies the name of the Lord for his power, justice, and mercy, Ps 89:5-14. Psalm 10. 28. The king had been subject to such sorrow and shame that his diadem had been as it were taken from his head, dashed on the earth, and rolled in the mire. "Hast covered him", etc. 44. Yet his throne still maintains justice and judgment. Is there no means of reclaiming them? Observe, here, that when Christ received the promise from the Father concerning the establishment of his (i.e. Ver. His manifold and sundry mercies: as if he should say, we have tasted of more than one, yea, we have felt all his mercies; I will therefore praise the same for ever. Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O Lord. The nearer they are the more they adore. Because God is, and ever will be, faithful, we have a theme for song which will not be out of date for future generations; it will never be worn out, never be disproved, never be unnecessary, never be an idle subject, valueless to mankind. Wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed. Let those deny the safety of the saints who choose to do so, we have not so learned Christ. But this we are sure of, it was never known or heard that any king or crowned head escaped the blow of death at last. In the psalm… Thou wouldst reach with one hand to the east, and with the other to the west." Is it not the mercy of God the Father flowing to us through Christ that we enjoy? That will give you a hint for your own private devotion. There is no surviving such a sight Death says, as God once to Moses, "There shall no man see me and live." Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound. Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces as one that is slain; —. The true David. How can he then that begs his bread but for a day promise to spend his breath in magnifying the Lord for ever? 25. Psalm 88 – A Desperate Prayer from Deep Affliction. Ver. This doxology belongs alike to all the Psalms of the Third Book, and ought not to be treated as if it were merely the last verse of the Psalm to which it adjoins. —Thomas Goodwin. Ver. Ver. God is greatly to be feared. Ver. So be it, Lord, we wish it over and over again. As for the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them. The complaining of the saints meanwhile is so exaggerated, that carnal feeling makes itself more apparent in them, than faith...Yet such is the goodness of God, He is not offended with these complaints, provided faith is not altogether extinguished, or succumbs. At the Red Sea the foaming billows saw their God and stood upright in awe. Ephesians 1:6. —William Pulley. We gratefully thank The Spurgeon Archive for the use of their source files and the above image of Spurgeon. A holy reverence is becoming in all who draw near to the thrice-holy Jehovah, whether in the upper sanctuary or in the congregation of the saints on earth. Pindar calls truth yugatera Dios the daughter of God. It shall be established for ever as the moon. Psalm 15. A prophecy that the Messiah would be meek and lowly. And hast not made him to stand in the battle. For visitation implies oversight and paternal care. Ver. 9. 10. 16. The lofty cedars and low shrubs; palaces and cottages are alike here. 16. Psalms 89:20. But if it should be so, what then? oh that they were printed in a book! (c) They have actually: as David himself and others. Psalm 23. Victory begins to shine in the phrase, Blessed be Jehovah for evermore. 14. Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people. Selah. —"for ever.". that is, they are not worthy to be accounted shadows unto such a comparison with him. 17. And build up thy throne to all generations. Then will I visit their transgressions with the rod. Dear friends, do you walk in that way? Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them. 42. In the nature of affliction. He has lost his power to govern at home or to conquer abroad. Ecclesiastical stories tell us of Basil, when the officers came to apprehend him, he being then exercised in holy duties, that there was such a majesty and lustre came from his countenance, that the officers fell down backward (as they did who came to apprehend Christ), they were not able to lay hold of him. Psalm 89 commentary 1. They understand nothing of Christ; no, they do not so much as materially give occasion to man to praise God for these: and therefore this is meant of the angels; and most interpreters understand the next words of them: Thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints, angels, and the holy ones made perfect, for there the great congregation is. A devout resolve, and very commendable when a man is exercised with great trouble on account of an apparent departure of the Lord from his covenant and promise. Thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy strong arm. "And to be had in reverence of all them that are about him." The enemy shall not exact upon him. In the succession of their race to the end of the world. 2. David must always have a seed, and truly in Jesus this is fulfilled beyond his hopes. The spirit of men is what the Father and Former of spirits makes them; nor can we stand with any strength or resolution, farther than God is pleased to uphold us. Those saints of his who walk close with him, have a daunting power in their appearance. Promises are never at variance with providence. He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. His seed also will I make to endure for ever. He is our beauty and glory when we are strong in him, as well as our comfort and sustenance when we tremble because of conscious weakness in ourselves. 2. 47. 35. Or Jehovah, God of Hosts, who is like thee, Mighty Jah. God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him. Ver. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.’”. Also turned the edge of his sword. Ver. Blessed be his name that it is so. The holiest tremble in the presence of the thrice Holy… In our Lord Jesus the dynasty of David remains upon the throne. By the Lord's righteous dealings the saints are uplifted in due time, however great may have been the oppression and the depression from which they may have suffered. Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one. —David Dickson. Jesus still enjoys the divine favour, and we are in him, and therefore under the most trying circumstances the Lord's lovingkindness to each one of his chosen will endure the strain. Yea, his people shall continue to increase in number and excellency. I will sing. And that which follows, in Psalms 89:34 verse, agrees herewith, —My covenant will I not break —for it is properly to Jesus Christ, on account of his admirable obedience, that God the Father has promised to be merciful to our iniquities, and never to leave one of those to perish who are in covenant with him. —Neale and Littledale. Ver. The Holy Ghost alludes to the thrones of earthly princes, which were underpropped with pillars, as Solomon's throne with lions, 1 Kings 19:20, that were both a support and an ornament to it. Not rejoice in the congregation of the Lord 's people may be pleaded in prayer, it! In prayer, and hast not made him to death, is `` made vain. 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