The Korean alphabet is a writing system created in 1443 and promulgated in 1446 during the reign of King Sejong, the fourth King of Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). Learning the Korean alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The Hunmin Jeong-eum Haerye states that the shapes of the non-dotted letters ㅡㆍㅣ were chosen to represent the concepts of yin, yang, and mediation: Earth, Heaven, and Human. The yin vowels were ㅡㅜㅓ eu, u, eo; the dots are in the yin directions of 'down' and 'left'. Consonants are broadly categorized into either obstruents (sounds produced when airflow either completely stops (i.e., a plosive consonant) or passes through a narrow opening (i.e., a fricative) or sonorants (sounds produced when air flows out with little to no obstruction through the mouth, nose, or both). The Korean alphabet, known commonly as ''Hangul'' in English but as ''Hangeul'' in the official standard Romanization rule (한글, "great script"), is considered one of the most efficient and logical writing systems in the world. Avant-garde typographer Ahn Sangsu made a font for the "Hangul Dada" exposition that exploded the syllable blocks; but while it strings out the letters horizontally, it retains the distinctive vertical position each letter would normally have within a block, unlike the older linear writing proposals.[59]. This represented either m or w in various Chinese dialects, and was composed of ㅁ [m] plus ㅇ (from 'Phags-pa [w]). The principal change was to make the Korean alphabet as morphophonemically practical as possible given the existing letters. The chart below shows names used in North Korea for consonants in the Korean alphabet. The yang vowels were ㆍㅗㅏ ə, o, a, with the dots in the yang directions of 'up' and 'right'. Korean Alphabet (Hangeul) Most English speakers think Korean has thousands of characters, like Chinese, but it actually has a very simple and logical alphabet, which you can learn in a few minutes. Hangul is usually written horizontally, from left to right and sometimes from right to left. like a consonant can go below other letters or that you can combine 2 different vowels to make a new sound. The placement or "stacking" of jamo in the block follows set patterns based on the shape of the medial.. A hybrid ㅂ-ㅜ letter was introduced for words that alternated between those two sounds (that is, a /b/, which became /w/ before a vowel). Animal in Korean. example: type on the frame han guk mal to have: 한국말 Type g or k, d or t, b or p for ᄀ, ᄃ, ᄇ and the capitals K, T, P for ᄏ, ᄐ, ᄑ Letters in bolded interface show intervocalic weakening, or the softening of the lax consonants to their sonorous counterparts.[45]. In fact, like the English one, “Korean Alphabet Song” is even sung to the tune of “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.” However, this video does more than present you with the alphabet song. The guiding text for orthography of the Korean alphabet is called Hangeul Matchumbeop, whose last South Korean revision was published in 1988 by the Ministry of Education. And though Asian languages are generally considered some trickiest for English speakers, Korean has a hidden secret. However, some recent fonts (for example Eun,[57] HY깊은샘물M, UnJamo) move towards the European practice of letters whose relative size is fixed, and use whitespace to fill letter positions not used in a particular block, and away from the East Asian tradition of square block characters (方块字). Vowels (medials) are written under the initial consonant, to the right, or wrap around the initial from bottom to right, depending on their shape: If the vowel has a horizontal axis like ㅡ eu, then it is written under the initial; if it has a vertical axis like ㅣ i, then it is written to the right of the initial; and if it combines both orientations, like ㅢ ui, then it wraps around the initial from the bottom to the right: A final consonant, if present, is always written at the bottom, under the vowel. [citation needed]. However, vowel harmony is observed: "dark" ㅜ u with "dark" ㅓ eo for ㅝ wo; "bright" ㅗ o with "bright" ㅏ a for ㅘ wa: The compound vowels ending in ㅣ i were originally diphthongs. (e.g. Professor Gari Ledyard of Columbia University studied possible connections between Hangul and the Mongol 'Phags-pa script of the Yuan dynasty. The Korean alphabet was originally named Hunminjeong'eum (훈민정음) by King Sejong the Great in 1443. 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